By Arnold Hughes
A Political historical past of the Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st whole account of the political historical past of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian authentic and personal documentary assets, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the ebook charts the origins and features of contemporary politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after global battle II. by means of independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital have been defeated by way of a brand new, rural-based political employer, the People's innovative celebration (PPP). the second one a part of the e-book analyzes the capability during which the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either latest and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The ebook closes with a proof of the death of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The publication not just establishes these unique facets of Gambian political heritage, but additionally relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, in the course of the colonial and independence sessions.
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Additional info for A Political History of the Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
Those reforms have been licensed by way of the Colonial place of work, even supposing no longer with out reservation; its choice might were for under “yard vendors” within the Protectorate to be enfranchised. 126 notwithstanding, Windley (supported via the Colonial workplace) insisted on a number of adjustments being made to the convention proposals. First, the constitutional tools simply approved, yet didn't require, the appointment of a major minister, Windley arguing that it might probably no longer be assumed that “the new franchise might produce somebody capable of anticipate a reliable majority or, that if this kind of individual did emerge, he will be certified to go the management both as chief of anyone celebration or coalition of a number of. ” The rejection of a main minister intended that, in influence, Gambia had but to arrive the constitutional level completed in Sierra Leone as early as 1954. 127 moment, the recent structure allowed for the appointment of as much as six ministers, while the convention delegates had sought 9. Windley argued that the colony couldn't find the money for the fee in employees, constructions, and amenities for a better quantity; he used to be additionally fearful that sure key posts (attorney basic and monetary secretary) could be crammed through Europeans, since it used to be not likely that definitely certified people will be elected to the home of Representatives. 3rd, Windley authorised the argument of the Protectorate chiefs (who feared that differently they'd be swamped by way of better-educated “carpet-baggers” from Bathurst) that applicants for Protectorate constituencies needs to both were born within the Protectorate, or be at the electoral check in there, or be well-known as hailing from Protectorate households. against this, the Bathurst convention had proposed that no geographical regulations can be imposed on applicants. 128 Fourth, Windley strongly disagreed with the idea that MPs might be paid salaries, on condition that the home could most likely meet basically 3 or 4 instances a yr. He used to be additionally involved that this degree could create a category politicians, which he thought of bad. He for that reason argued that MPs may still obtain allowances basically whilst the home was once in consultation. 129 eventually, the governor disliked the notion that English be made the obligatory language of the home; he feared that this might let Bathurst politicians to dominate lawsuits. He was once, in spite of the fact that, ready to compromise in this topic by way of permitting the Legislative Council to determine the problem and in November 1959, it resolved that English may still certainly be followed because the language of the home. a hundred thirty instantly after the e-book of the hot structure, a Committee of voters (which had no reference to Small’s association of the Thirties) used to be proven to oppose it. Its contributors integrated Garba-Jahumpa who, having did not in attaining his ends by way of conservatism, grew to become to radicalism, and different GMC leaders; E. J. Samba of the GNP; and the leaders of the lately shaped Gambia staff’ Union, Momodou E. Jallow and Henry J. Joof (who used to be additionally a member of the GNP).