By Mary Benson
This e-book is a background of the African nationwide Congress and lots of of the battles it skilled. the writer, Mary Benson, is a South African who was once herself devoted to the paintings of the ANC and hence assisting within the number of many very important records utilized in the learn.
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Additional resources for The African Patriots: the Story of the African National Congress of South Africa
Police, fastened and strolling, arrived, to be greeted via hearty cheers from the Natives, then a few booing, by means of 'absolute quiet'. now not a unmarried opposed flow used to be made by way of the Natives. Then-'to my astonishment,' stated Hosken, 'the fixed police without warning spurred their horses and charged at the crowd. ' The police used their staves vigorously, using over Natives-who incorporated girls. Whereupon a civilian started 'slashing with a stick at each local that he got here close to, and eventually struck a local lady a critical blow. ' Hosken remonstrated, and demanded the man's identify, yet used to be neglected. He heard one bystander exclaiming: 'Would I had a desktop gun, and that i may well then do a little execution. ' As he went alongside the road he stumbled on extra whites intercepting Natives. ' All used to be quiet on the Magistrates' courtroom the following day. Natives, the clicking suggested, have been in a subdued temper. A police respectable declared, 'Yesterday's little cost has had definitely the right impact, and i'm convinced that the again of the difficulty has been damaged. ' in the meantime Bud-Mbelle and different Congress leaders have been arrested, at a time whilst contributors of the govt. have been arriv ing in Johannesburg to seek advice from the white strike leaders. but the protests persisted for a number of extra days. On one get together Africans stoned the police and on one other whites shot and killed an African demonstrator. within the Cape Peninsula feeling was once so powerful that even supposing just a couple of Africans lived there a Congress department equipped a protest assembly in sympathy with the Transvaal resistance and from there in addition to from the Transvaal got here demands the govt to contemplate the full query of the cross legislation and the denial of citizenship rights to the African humans. the govt appointed a one-man fee of inquiry into the allegations of police ill-treatment in Johannesburg, who exonerated the police 'in view of the tough circumstances'. How ever, he did bluntly recommend that the govt should still regulate the cross legislation because it seemed to him that the Natives have been deter mined to withstand them. the govt. neglected his recommendation, because it missed a next suggestion by means of a Committee from the dep. of Justice and local Affairs, 'that the current procedure of go legislation might be abolished'. facts of the Natives' 'determination to withstand the go legislation' ILetter to the celebrity, April i919. Passive Resistance and neglected possibilities got here powerfully from one other resource as, with the finishing of the battle, African girls felt unfastened to resume their protest. that they had obtained a notable chief, Mrs. Charlotte Maxeke. Born within the Cape in 1874, as a woman Charlotte Manye, who had a beautiful voice, toured England in an African choir, appearing ahead of Queen Victoria. The choir went directly to long island the place it broke up and Charlotte came upon herself stranded. thankfully Negro neighbors helped her and despatched her to Wilberforce college in Ohio, the place she graduated as a Bachelor of technology in 1905. There, too, she met and married one other South African, Marshall Maxeke, who had long past from Lovedale university to the U.S. to review tune and, after taking a Bachelor of Arts measure with Honours in Classics and arithmetic, graduated in Theology.