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Additional info for The Lord's Resistance Army: Myth and Reality
Many informants argue that the spirits begun vacationing Kony much less in Sudan. this change is based on a functionalist argument, within which the significance of the non secular order diminishes after the crowd turns into greater geared up and built-in into greater army constructions – this used to be, for instance, the case for yes Mayi-Mayi teams in japanese DRC (Vlassenroot, forthcoming). however, this isn't the entire photograph, as different religious capabilities received significance, additional supplementing and structuring the ‘military firm’ the LRA had develop into: in this interval, many areas for worship (yards) performed an incredible function, in addition to based praying periods and average biblical rituals. As defined above, this was once serving yes strategic features for the association, furthering the interior team spirit. After Operation Fist in early 2002, the stipulations quickly replaced, because the LRA misplaced its bases and structural relief from the Sudanese executive. in accordance with a functionalist viewpoint, religious rituals and services may still achieve extra value in this section: because the infrastructural and organizational conditions turned even more tricky, ritual facets might be used to complement the diminishing army constitution of the association, in making certain the inner team spirit and motiva ting its opponents – as within the preliminary phases of the stream. This, notwithstanding, was once no longer the case. at the one hand, one other transformation came about within the non secular order, adapting to the recent, and tougher, conditions. for instance, while ahead of Iron Fist all battalions had their very own controllers (religious functionaries), after Iron Fist they have been connected merely to the excessive command: there have been easily now not sufficient controllers for all battalions, and for that reason commanders have been allowed to take over a number of the capabilities of the controllers. in addition, while earlier than Iron Fist controllers have been strictly forbidden to hold weapons, they have been allowed to take action post-Iron Fist. nonetheless, and on a extra primary point, the religious rituals and services additionally grew to become less important. fresh returnees were less good educated concerning the religious order, and do seventy two 73 3 · The non secular order of the LRA now not recognize rituals that have been thought of relevant earlier than Iron Fist. a few don't even think within the non secular order. even though it should be argued that, as lots of the contemporary returnees have spent in basic terms rather little time within the LRA, they've got not likely ‘grown into’ the religious order of the association (see the contribution via Ben Mergelsberg during this volume), there's extra to it, suggesting a precise decline in non secular rituals and capabilities. considering that Iron Fist, the non secular point a great deal will depend on the person personality of the unit: it really is as much as the person commander to settle on the religious order of his unit. for instance, while a few devices are nonetheless following the structural prayer regimen, different battalions infrequently pray. most significantly, such a lot returnees (and huge components of the inhabitants in northern Uganda) declare that Kony has misplaced a lot of his religious energy, and that the spirits have stopped traveling him in any respect.